What is Vedanta?
Vedanta is considered one of the world's most ancient religious philosophies and one of its broadest. It is based on the Vedas, the sacred scriptures of India. Vedanta affirms the oneness of existence, the divinity of the soul, and the harmony of religions. Vedanta is the philosophical foundation of Hinduism; but while Hinduism includes aspects of Indian culture, Vedanta is universal in its application and is equally relevant to all countries, all cultures, and all religious backgrounds.
"Vedanta" is a combination of two words: "Veda" which means "knowledge" and "anta" which means "the end of" or "the goal of”. "Knowledge" means the knowledge of the God as well as the knowledge of our own divine nature. Vedanta shows the way to the search for Self-knowledge as well as the search for God. According to Vedanta, God is spoken in terms of infinite existence, infinite consciousness, and infinite bliss. This impersonal, transcendent reality is Brahman. Vedanta also maintains that God can be personal as well, assuming human form in every age.
Most importantly, God dwells in the hearts of all individuals as divine Self or Atman. The Atman is never born nor does it ever die. The Atman is not subject to grief or despair or disease or ignorance. Pure, perfect, free from limitations, the Atman, Vedanta declares, is one with Brahman. The greatest temple of God lies within the human heart.
Vedanta asserts that the goal of human life is to realize and manifest our divinity. Not only is this possible, it is inevitable. Our real nature is divine; God-realization is our birthright. Sooner or later, we will all manifest our divinity either in this or in future lives-for the greatest truth of our existence is our own divine nature.
Finally, Vedanta affirms that all religions teach the same basic truths about God, the world, and our relationship to one another. Thousands of years ago the Rig Veda declared: "Truth is one, sages call it by various names." The world's religions offer varying approaches to God, each one true and valid, each religion offering the world a unique and irreplaceable path to God-realization.
The conflicting messages we find among religions are due more to doctrine and dogma than to the reality of spiritual experience. While dissimilarities exist in the external observances of the world religions, the internals bear remarkable similarities.